Recycling in brief

Recycling in brief

To focus the problem of garbage, we must bear in mind that waste is a problem of scale and order. Order, in the sense that we all like our house to be in order, for everything to be in its place and for there to be a certain level of organization. In terms of scale, I mean that every year the number of people on the planet increases and we’ve reached the point where there are so many of us and we are consuming so many of our planet’s finite and limited resources, that we are beginning to seriously alter our environment and cause irreversible changes. Scientists have announced that our planet Earth has already entered a new geological era, called Anthropocene.[1]

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Waste as resources: moving towards a circular economy

Waste as resources: moving towards a circular economy

The availability of resources that we extract from the planet is decreasing, and by contrast, the consumption of resources is increasing, especially in developed countries. Therefore, the availability of (non-renewable) resources is one of the crucial challenges facing our society in order to, on the one hand, be able to guarantee the quality of life and survival of its inhabitants, and on the other hand, to have competitive and sustainable economies, in the not too distant future. We need resources.

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Recycling creates employment: less garbage, more employment

Recycling creates employment: less garbage, more employment

The environmental recycling benefits that we have seen in previous chapters may fail to convince those who lack a developed ecological understanding or awareness of the environment. However, everyone is aware of the importance of employment, especially after witnessing the last economic crisis.

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The waste problem

The waste problem

To this point, we have seen the total amount of garbage that we generate, the increasing of this waste and the main causes.

Whatever the cause is, the fact is there’s no doubt that the increase in waste increase has not only been extraordinary but continues to increase in many countries –- developed or in the OECD[1]–-which generate 44% of the world’’s waste, and..

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Why does garbage grow?

Why does garbage grow?

Previously, we have seen, how garbage does not stop growing and it has tripled in only 50 years.

The causes[1] for the increase in waste are varied but highlighting the following can be highlighted:

  • The inefficiency of the production systems (for each ton of waste used or consumed can generate 20 tons of raw material waste in the extraction phase and 5 tons of waste in its production

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